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Słuchaj i ucz się – S-26. International Literacy

Wersja do druku

Voice 1

literacy - umiejętność czytania i pisania

Hello. I'm Christy Van Arragon.

 

Voice 2

 

And I'm Marina Santee. Welcome to Spotlight. This programme uses a special English method of broadcasting. It is easier for people to understand, no matter where in the world they live.

 

Voice 3

 

'In my village, I cut the grass. I collect the firewood. I do the cooking. It is my job because I am a girl. My brothers go to school.'

cut the grass - ścinać/kosić trawę

collect the firewood - zbierać drewno na opał

Voice 2

 

Eight hundred and seventy five million adults cannot read or write. They are illiterate. Two thirds of these people are women.

illiterate - nieumiejący czytać i pisać; analfabeta

Voice 1

 

Groups like UNESCO are working to change this. The United Nations General Secretary, Kofi Annan, spoke about this issue. He showed how a girl lacking education affects the whole community - and country. He said that people groups cannot change much until girls receive a quality education. Education is necessary for solving many international problems.

a girl lacking education - dziewczyna, której brakuje wykształcenia

affect - wpływać, wywierać wpływ

community - społeczność, społeczeństwo

receive - otrzymywać

quality - dobrej jakości

solve - rozwiązywać

Voice 2

 

For example, many people say that education is our best weapon in fighting the AIDS disease. Education enables women to gain information. This information can tell them how to avoid catching the HIV virus that leads to AIDS. Education gives them the power to avoid possible dangers.

weapon - broń

fight - walczyć; walka

enable - umożliwiać

gain - zdobywać

avoid - unikać

catch - złapać, zarazić się

Voice 1

 

There are strong links between educated mothers and their children's survival and development. An educated mother is more likely to take her child for health visits. She is more likely to give her children a balanced healthy diet. Educated women are often more able to protect and care for their families. They are able to gain the information they need to do this. Education helps women to become better informed. Not knowing how to read and write is a barrier in receiving life saving information and skills.

survival - przetrwanie, przeżycie

development - rozwój

balanced healthy diet - zbalansowana, zdrowa dieta

protect - chronić

care for - troszczyć się, dbać

life saving - ratujący życie

skills - umiejętności

Voice 2

 

But many families simply do not have the money to send their children to school. And if they have the money to send only one child, they will send the boy. They believe that this is a better long-term investment.

long-term investment - długofalowa inwestycja

Voice 1

 

Safety is also sometimes an issue. Many families live long distances from schools. Parents are more likely to permit their boys to make these long trips.

safety - bezpieczeństwo

issue - problem

permit - pozwalać

Voice 2

 

Another barrier for girls is early marriage and pregnancy. Many countries have laws that do not permit pregnant girls to attend school. They also have laws that prevent the girls returning to school after their children are born.

pregnancy - ciąża

attend school - chodzić do szkoły

prevent - uniemożliwiać

Voice 1

 

So many girls already have their future planned for them. It includes marriage, children and working in the home. It is the same as their mothers and their grandmothers. However, some girls are fighting this old system.

 

Voice 2

 

Lalita Kumari grew up in the Sitamarhi District, India's poorest state of Bihar. Here, it is difficult for the boys to gain an education. So women have an even smaller chance. Only about twenty-six percent of the women are able to read and write. The rest are illiterate. A girl who wants an education in Sitamarhi must fight for it. Lalita Kumari believes it is well worth this fight.

 

Voice 1

 

Lalita attended school in secret. When Lalita's brother discovered her secret, he was angry.

discover - odkryć

angry - zły

Voice 3

 

'I still remember the day my brother caught me going to school. He beat me. He was ashamed. I had dared to study. Yet the men in our family had never attended school.'

beat, beat, beaten - bić

he was ashamed - było mu wstyd

dare - ośmielić się

yet - mimo to

Voice 1

 

Lalita then heard about a special school for girls - The Mahila Shikshan Kendra. It was part of the Bihar Education Project. This project aims to provide an education for girls. Lalita went against her parents' wishes. She attended the school. She lived and studied there for eight months with twenty-four other girls. The girls learned to read and write. Teachers trained them in life skills. They also taught them health care and public speaking skills. The girls also learned karate - a skilled fighting sport.

aim - mieć na celu

provide - zapewnić

health care - dbanie o zdrowie; opieka zdrowotna

Voice 2

 

Lalita returned home after studying. Her new skills enabled her to set up a clothes-making shop. She decided that she wanted to gain more of an education. The Mahila Shikshan Kendra School provided the money for her. Lalita learnt teaching skills. Today Lalita teaches karate in four Mahila Shikshan Kendra schools. She sends money home to her family every month. Her mother and father are extremely pleased with her success. With great emotion, her mother said'

set up - założyć

provide - dostarczyć

extremely - niezmiernie

Voice 1

 

'Look at the respect that people are giving to my daughter.'

respect - szacunek

Voice 2

 

Aid group UNICEF have used Lalita's picture on their 'World's Children Report 2004.' The group recognised her as great example of success.

recognise - rozpoznać

great example of success - wspaniały przykład sukcesu

Voice 1

 

UNICEF says that education is a right for all children, boys and girls. The group is working to give girls across the world this right. UNICEF has set their goals as the year 2015. By this time, the groups want all children to be able to attend school. UNICEF also want an education to be a law requirement everywhere - for boys and girls.

set goals - wyznaczyć cele

law requirement - nakaz prawny

Voice 2

 

UNICEF has provided programmes to help governments form policies. These policies will help reduce the number of girls not in schools. UNICEF is working with other organisations to reach its goals. It is working with governments, children's organisations, communities, schools, children and families. Plans and goals are in place. These seek to support and develop the educational system in different countries. The future of many children depends on this work.

policy - polityka, strategia

reduce - zredukować

seek - szukać

support - utrzymywać, wspierać

develop - rozwijać

depend on - zależeć od

Voice 1

 

Eleven-year-old Bhahkita lives in Sudan's North Kordofan State. UNICEF supports the school she attends. Bhahktita has dreams for the future. She would like to be an engineer. But if things stay as they are, this will remain just a dream. Her school only goes up to grade four. This means children must leave at the age of nine or ten. The community hopes that the State Ministry of Education will support expanding the school. But this may not happen before Bhahkita finishes school. Her hopes are with UNICEF. She hopes that UNICEF will support expanding the school. They will first have to raise the money to do this.

remain - pozostać

grade four - czwarta klasa

expand - rozszerzyć, powiększyć

raise the money - zbierać pieniądze

Voice 2

 

Bhahkita is only young. But she is old enough to know that an education is the only way she will create opportunities for herself - and the girls who follow her.

 

Voice 1

 

International Literacy Day is on September the eighth. UNESCO has celebrated this day since its beginning in 1966. United Nations agencies set goals and act to bring education to countries all around the world. They believe that everyone gains from sending girls to school. This includes the girl, her family, community and country. The director-General of UNESCO said that literacy can provide the answer to development.

 

Voice 3

 

'Literacy is a key to development. This is especially because it places people at the centre of the development process. It is the basis of lifelong learning. Our world is moving fast with changing technology and increasing knowledge. Literacy has the rich promise of a fresh start and a second chance.'

lifelong learning - edukacja przez całe życie, ustawiczne kształcenie

Voice 2

 

And so intelligent young girls like Bhahkita could be successful women of the future - if they are simply given the chance.

 

Voice 1

 

The writer of today's programme was Marina Santee. The voices you heard were from the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada. Computer users can hear our programmes, read our scripts and see our wordbook on our website at www.radio.english.net. This programme is called 'International Literacy.'

 

Voice 2

 

We love to hear comments and questions from our listeners. You can reach us by email. Our address is radio @ english . net. Thank you for joining us in today's Spotlight programme. Goodbye.

 

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