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Słuchaj i ucz się – S-37. A Long Life of Adventure

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Voice 1

 

Hello, I'm Marina Santee.

 

Voice 2

 

And I'm Ruby Jones. Welcome to Spotlight. This programme uses a special English method of broadcasting. It is easier for people to understand, no matter where in the world they live.

 

Voice 3

 

"I looked out of the tent about four thirty in the morning... there were clouds around. But the sky was much clearer... I was completely sure that the other climber Tenzing and I could do this... We knew that the conditions were good enough. So we just made our preparations and pushed on.

tent - namiot

conditions - warunki

push on - iść dalej

I would not say the final effort to reach the top was fun. It was very hard work... But, you know, as I have said many times, this was Mount Everest. So we felt we had to push ourselves a bit harder.

final - ostatni, ostateczny

effort - wysiłek

We reached the top of the mountain. But I did not really have a huge feeling of great happiness or joy. I did not jump around or throw my hands in the air or something. Tenzing and I were tired - we expected that. And I could not forget we had to climb safely down the mountain again. I think my major feeling was one of being satisfied. I really did have a feeling of "Well, we have finally made it."

huge - ogromny

climb safely down - zejść bezpiecznie na dół

major - główny, ważny

Voice 1

 

These are the words of Sir Edmund Hillary. He is describing an amazing time - the moment when he and another climber, Tenzing Norgay, were on top of the world! They had climbed the highest mountain in the world - Mount Everest.

 

Voice 2

 

This event took place on the 29th of May 1953. Ten teams of climbers had tried to reach the top, or summit, of Everest before. But all of them had failed. And sixteen climbers had even died in the attempt. This fact made Hillary and Tenzing's success even greater.

event - wydarzenie

take place - mieć miejsce, odbyć się

summit - szczyt

fail - nie udać się

attempt - próba

Voice 1

 

But Edmund Hillary did not think of himself as a great hero. His early life was simple. He came from New Zealand, an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. He described his first visit to the mountains of New Zealand:

 

Voice 3

 

"I was very much a country boy... My friendship with the mountains actually started when I was sixteen. Every year my school took a group down to Tangariro National Park for a skiing holiday. I was able to persuade my father to let me go on this particular trip... there was snow everywhere. That was really the start of my love for snow and ice and mountains in general."

actually - faktycznie, naprawdę

persuade - przekonać

let me go - pozwolić mi iść/jechać

Voice 1

 

Hillary described his growing interest in the mountains:

growing interest in - rosnące zainteresowanie czymś

Voice 3

 

"I did a lot of walking in the hills outside Auckland - the nearest town to my home. Then I started to climb some smaller mountains. Then I was able to do harder climbs. Finally I became a reasonably skilled mountain climber in the New Zealand Alps. And I did many long mountain climbs. I think that happens to a lot of people. Very few suddenly decide that they are going to be a world champion at something."

hills - wzgórza

reasonably skilled - dość wprawny

Voice 2

 

In 1951, a British team of climbers was planning a trip to Tibet. They were going to climb in the Himalayas - the highest mountains in the world. They wanted to try and find a different path up to the top of Mount Everest. They believed that climbing the south west mountain face was the key to reaching the top.

path - ścieżka

face - tu: ściana, stok, zbocze

Voice 1

 

The team invited Edmund Hillary to be part of this trip. And, it was a great success. The team found a different path. But they did not reach the summit on that trip. In 1953, the same team asked Hillary to join them again. They wanted to try once more. They wanted to reach the summit of Everest.

 

Voice 2

 

Hillary proved to be a strong and skilful member of the team. So, the team leader chose him to make the final attempt to reach the summit. A local Sherpa climber, Tenzing Norgay, went with Hillary. At eleven thirty on the morning of the 29th of May, the two men reached the summit. And their names went straight into the history books!

prove - udowodnić

Sherpa - Szerpa

Voice 1

 

Edmund Hillary did many other exciting and dangerous activities during his life. He continued to climb in the Himalaya Mountains. He travelled over ice and snow to the South Pole. But he made this trip in a farm vehicle - a tractor! He explored the rivers of Eastern Nepal in a speed boat. He experienced all the wonder and beauty of the natural world. And it caused him to think about deeper matters. He said:

the South Pole - biegun południowy

cause - spowodować, sprawić

Voice 3

 

"I have a feeling... the world is so complex and so amazing in many ways. So there must be some sort of intelligence behind it all. But I am not sure at all if that intelligence is interested in a little person away down on Earth."

complex - złożony; skomplikowany

Voice 2

 

Hillary was not the only person to wonder such a thing. Another person to think like that was a king of ancient Israel, David. He wrote these words in a poem to God:

ancient - starożytny

Voice 4

 

"I think about the heavens. I think about what your fingers have created. What is a human being that you think about him?"

the heavens - niebo, niebiosa

human being - człowiek, istota ludzka

Voice 2

 

But King David believed that God cared about all of his creation. He wrote in another poem:

 

Voice 4

 

"If I rise with the sun in the east, then cross over to the west where the sun sinks into the ocean - your hand would be there to guide me. Your right hand would still be holding me close."

rise with the sun - wstawać ze słońcem

cross over - przemierzać

sink - tonąć

guide - prowadzić, być przewodnikiem

Voice 1

 

Edmund Hillary may not have understood how much God cared for him. But he did understand one thing. As a famous person, he had many chances to help others. And he did much to care for the people who lived near Mount Everest - the Sherpas. He started an aid group to serve them - the Himalayan Trust. And through this group, he continued to provide schools and hospitals for the Sherpa people. He even organized the building of an air field and a bridge for them. Hillary said:

may not have undestood - może nie zrozumiał

aid - pomoc, wsparcie

Voice 3

 

"Here was the perfect way to re-pay the Sherpas for the help and joy they had given me."

re-pay - odpłacić się

Voice 2

 

Edmund Hillary died on the 11th of January, 2008. His life was an example of courage and strength of character to many people. And they will miss him - the man who, for fifteen minutes, was on the top of the world.

courage - odwaga

they will miss him - będą za nim tęsknić, będzie im go brakowało

Voice 1

 

The writer and producer of today's programme was Ruby Jones. The voices you heard were from the United Kingdom and the United States. All quotations were adapted for this programme. This programme is called, "A Long Life of Adventure."

 

Voice 2

 

You are welcome to comment or ask questions about today's programme. You can e-mail us at radio @ english . net. Thank you for joining us today. Until next time, goodbye.

 

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